While your oral health is always important, just like other aspects of your health, it’s particularly important during pregnancy. There are myriad dental concerns that can arise with pregnancy that you should be aware of before and during pregnancy.
New research suggests that women with gum disease who become pregnant are at a higher risk for having premature babies who are at a low birth weight. This might occur because gum disease causes increased levels of the fluids that induce labor. While this hasn’t been definitively proven, you should keep gum disease in check by practicing good dental hygiene and having regular dental checkups.
Vomiting from morning sickness can have more than just an effect on your stomach and your appetite. The stomach acid and bile in sick can erode the enamel of your teeth. After episodes of morning sickness, rinse your mouth with water and either brush your teeth or use a mouthwash with fluoride to cut acid levels and fortify your teeth.
Many pregnant women experience dry mouth, which can put them at risk for tooth decay and infection (not to mention bad breath!). Staying hydrated with water and chewing sugarless gum can help alleviate the symptoms of dry mouth, but if it gets too severe or uncomfortable, your dentist can help find a mouthwash or other solution.
Red or Bleeding Gums—”Pregnancy Gingivitis”
Many pregnant women also find that their gums appear more red than normal or bleed very easily during tooth brushing; some even have severe gum swelling and bleeding. All of these symptoms are signs of “pregnancy gingivitis,” a common experience beginning as early as the second month of pregnancy. These symptoms occur due to the increase in estrogen and progesterone, which enhance the gums’ reaction to irritation. Good oral hygiene, including brushing twice a day and flossing daily are the best ways to handle these symptoms.
If you have concerns about your dental health at any point in your pregnancy, don’t hesitate to see a dentist. Set up an appointment today with Weber, Mountford & Ruszkowski Family Dentistry!